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nsAccessibilityUtils.h

/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
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 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License Version
 * 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
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 *
 * The Original Code is mozilla.org code.
 *
 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is
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 * Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 2007
 * the Initial Developer. All Rights Reserved.
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 * Contributor(s):
 *   Alexander Surkov <surkov.alexander@gmail.com> (original author)
 *
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 * either of the GNU General Public License Version 2 or later (the "GPL"),
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#ifndef nsAccessibilityUtils_h_
#define nsAccessibilityUtils_h_

#include "nsAccessibilityAtoms.h"
#include "nsIAccessible.h"
#include "nsIAccessNode.h"
#include "nsARIAMap.h"

#include "nsIDOMNode.h"
#include "nsIPersistentProperties2.h"
#include "nsIContent.h"
#include "nsIFrame.h"
#include "nsIDocShellTreeItem.h"
#include "nsPoint.h"
#include "nsIAccessibleDocument.h"

class nsAccUtils
{
public:
  /**
   * Returns value of attribute from the given attributes container.
   *
   * @param aAttributes - attributes container
   * @param aAttrName - the name of requested attribute
   * @param aAttrValue - value of attribute
   */
  static void GetAccAttr(nsIPersistentProperties *aAttributes,
                         nsIAtom *aAttrName,
                         nsAString& aAttrValue);

  /**
   * Set value of attribute for the given attributes container.
   *
   * @param aAttributes - attributes container
   * @param aAttrName - the name of requested attribute
   * @param aAttrValue - new value of attribute
   */
  static void SetAccAttr(nsIPersistentProperties *aAttributes,
                         nsIAtom *aAttrName,
                         const nsAString& aAttrValue);

  /**
   * Return values of group attributes ('level', 'setsize', 'posinset')
   */
  static void GetAccGroupAttrs(nsIPersistentProperties *aAttributes,
                               PRInt32 *aLevel,
                               PRInt32 *aPosInSet,
                               PRInt32 *aSetSize);

  /**
   * Returns true if there are level, posinset and sizeset attributes.
   */
  static PRBool HasAccGroupAttrs(nsIPersistentProperties *aAttributes);

  /**
   * Set group attributes ('level', 'setsize', 'posinset').
   */
  static void SetAccGroupAttrs(nsIPersistentProperties *aAttributes,
                               PRInt32 aLevel,
                               PRInt32 aPosInSet,
                               PRInt32 aSetSize);

  /**
   * Set group attributes - 'level', 'setsize', 'posinset'.
   *
   * @param aNode - XUL element that implements
   *                nsIDOMXULSelectControlItemElement interface
   * @param aAttributes - attributes container
   */
  static void SetAccAttrsForXULSelectControlItem(nsIDOMNode *aNode,
                                                 nsIPersistentProperties *aAttributes);

  /**
   * Set group attributes - 'level', 'setsize', 'posinset'.
   *
   * @param  aNode        XUL element that implements
   *                      nsIDOMXULContainerItemElement interface
   * @param  aAttributes  attributes container
   */
  static void SetAccAttrsForXULContainerItem(nsIDOMNode *aNode,
                                             nsIPersistentProperties *aAttributes);

  /**
   * Return true if the given node has registered event listener of the given
   * type.
   */
  static PRBool HasListener(nsIContent *aContent, const nsAString& aEventType);

  /**
   * Send mouse events to the given element.
   *
   * @param aEventType  an event type (see nsGUIEvent.h for constants)
   * @param aPresShell  the presshell for the given element
   * @param aContent    the element element
   */
  static PRBool DispatchMouseEvent(PRUint32 aEventType,
                                   nsIPresShell *aPresShell,
                                   nsIContent *aContent);

  /**
   * Return an accesskey registered on the given element by
   * nsIEventStateManager or 0 if there is no registered accesskey.
   *
   * @param aContent - the given element.
   */
  static PRUint32 GetAccessKeyFor(nsIContent *aContent);

  /**
   * Fire accessible event of the given type for the given accessible.
   */
  static nsresult FireAccEvent(PRUint32 aEventType, nsIAccessible *aAccessible,
                               PRBool aIsAsynch = PR_FALSE);

  /**
   * Is the first passed in node an ancestor of the second?
   * Note: A node is not considered to be the ancestor of itself.
   * @param aPossibleAncestorNode -- node to test for ancestor-ness of aPossibleDescendantNode
   * @param aPossibleDescendantNode -- node to test for descendant-ness of aPossibleAncestorNode
   * @return PR_TRUE if aPossibleAncestorNode is an ancestor of aPossibleDescendantNode
   */
   static PRBool IsAncestorOf(nsIDOMNode *aPossibleAncestorNode,
                              nsIDOMNode *aPossibleDescendantNode);

  /**
   * Are the first node and the second siblings?
   * @return PR_TRUE if aDOMNode1 and aDOMNode2 have same parent
   */
   static PRBool AreSiblings(nsIDOMNode *aDOMNode1,
                             nsIDOMNode *aDOMNode2);

  /**
    * If an ancestor in this document exists with the given role, return it
    * @param aDescendant Descendant to start search with
    * @param aRole Role to find matching ancestor for
    * @return The ancestor accessible with the given role, or nsnull if no match is found
    */
   static already_AddRefed<nsIAccessible>
     GetAncestorWithRole(nsIAccessible *aDescendant, PRUint32 aRole);

   /**
     * For an ARIA tree item , get the accessible that represents its conceptual parent.
     * This method will use the correct method for the given way the tree is constructed.
     * The conceptual parent is what the user sees as the parent, not the DOM or accessible parent.
     * @param aStartTreeItem  The tree item to get the parent for
     * @param aStartTreeItemContent  The content node for the tree item
     * @param The tree item's parent, or null if none
     */
   static void
     GetARIATreeItemParent(nsIAccessible *aStartTreeItem,
                           nsIContent *aStartTreeItemContent,
                           nsIAccessible **aTreeItemParent);

  /**
   * Helper method to scroll range into view, used for implementation of
   * nsIAccessibleText::scrollSubstringTo().
   *
   * @param aFrame        the frame for accessible the range belongs to.
   * @param aStartNode    start node of a range
   * @param aStartOffset  an offset inside the start node
   * @param aEndNode      end node of a range
   * @param aEndOffset    an offset inside the end node
   * @param aScrollType   the place a range should be scrolled to
   */
  static nsresult ScrollSubstringTo(nsIFrame *aFrame,
                                    nsIDOMNode *aStartNode, PRInt32 aStartIndex,
                                    nsIDOMNode *aEndNode, PRInt32 aEndIndex,
                                    PRUint32 aScrollType);

  /** Helper method to scroll range into view, used for implementation of
   * nsIAccessibleText::scrollSubstringTo[Point]().
   *
   * @param aFrame        the frame for accessible the range belongs to.
   * @param aStartNode    start node of a range
   * @param aStartOffset  an offset inside the start node
   * @param aEndNode      end node of a range
   * @param aEndOffset    an offset inside the end node
   * @param aVPercent     how to align vertically, specified in percents
   * @param aHPercent     how to align horizontally, specified in percents
   */
  static nsresult ScrollSubstringTo(nsIFrame *aFrame,
                                    nsIDOMNode *aStartNode, PRInt32 aStartIndex,
                                    nsIDOMNode *aEndNode, PRInt32 aEndIndex,
                                    PRInt16 aVPercent, PRInt16 aHPercent);

  /**
   * Scrolls the given frame to the point, used for implememntation of
   * nsIAccessNode::scrollToPoint and nsIAccessibleText::scrollSubstringToPoint.
   *
   * @param aScrollableFrame  the scrollable frame
   * @param aFrame            the frame to scroll
   * @param aPoint            the point scroll to
   */
  static void ScrollFrameToPoint(nsIFrame *aScrollableFrame,
                                 nsIFrame *aFrame, const nsIntPoint& aPoint);

  /**
   * Converts scroll type constant defined in nsIAccessibleScrollType to
   * vertical and horizontal percents.
   */
  static void ConvertScrollTypeToPercents(PRUint32 aScrollType,
                                          PRInt16 *aVPercent,
                                          PRInt16 *aHPercent);

  /**
   * Converts the given coordinates to coordinates relative screen.
   *
   * @param aX               [in] the given x coord
   * @param aY               [in] the given y coord
   * @param aCoordinateType  [in] specifies coordinates origin (refer to
   *                         nsIAccessibleCoordinateType)
   * @param aAccessNode      [in] the accessible if coordinates are given
   *                         relative it.
   * @param aCoords          [out] converted coordinates
   */
  static nsresult ConvertToScreenCoords(PRInt32 aX, PRInt32 aY,
                                        PRUint32 aCoordinateType,
                                        nsIAccessNode *aAccessNode,
                                        nsIntPoint *aCoords);

  /**
   * Converts the given coordinates relative screen to another coordinate
   * system.
   *
   * @param aX               [in, out] the given x coord
   * @param aY               [in, out] the given y coord
   * @param aCoordinateType  [in] specifies coordinates origin (refer to
   *                         nsIAccessibleCoordinateType)
   * @param aAccessNode      [in] the accessible if coordinates are given
   *                         relative it
   */
  static nsresult ConvertScreenCoordsTo(PRInt32 *aX, PRInt32 *aY,
                                        PRUint32 aCoordinateType,
                                        nsIAccessNode *aAccessNode);

  /**
   * Returns coordinates relative screen for the top level window.
   *
   * @param aNode  the DOM node hosted in the window.
   */
  static nsIntPoint GetScreenCoordsForWindow(nsIDOMNode *aNode);

  /**
   * Returns coordinates relative screen for the top level window.
   *
   * @param aAccessNode  the accessible hosted in the window
   */
  static nsIntPoint GetScreenCoordsForWindow(nsIAccessNode *aAccessNode);

  /**
   * Returns coordinates relative screen for the parent of the given accessible.
   *
   * @param aAccessNode  the accessible
   */
  static nsIntPoint GetScreenCoordsForParent(nsIAccessNode *aAccessNode);

  /**
   * Return document shell tree item for the given DOM node.
   */
  static already_AddRefed<nsIDocShellTreeItem>
    GetDocShellTreeItemFor(nsIDOMNode *aNode);

  /**
   * Get the ID for an element, in some types of XML this may not be the ID attribute
   * @param aContent  Node to get the ID for
   * @param aID       Where to put ID string
   * @return          PR_TRUE if there is an ID set for this node
   */
  static PRBool GetID(nsIContent *aContent, nsAString& aID);

  /**
   * Check if the given element is XLink.
   *
   * @param aContent  the given element
   * @return          PR_TRUE if the given element is XLink
   */
  static PRBool IsXLink(nsIContent *aContent);

  /**
   * Get the role map entry for a given DOM node. This will use the first
   * ARIA role if the role attribute provides a space delimited list of roles.
   * @param aNode  The DOM node to get the role map entry for
   * @return       A pointer to the role map entry for the ARIA role, or nsnull if none
   */
   static nsRoleMapEntry* GetRoleMapEntry(nsIDOMNode *aNode);

  /**
   * Search element in neighborhood of the given element by tag name and
   * attribute value that equals to ID attribute of the given element.
   * ID attribute can be either 'id' attribute or 'anonid' if the element is
   * anonymous.
   * The first matched content will be returned.
   *
   * @param aForNode - the given element the search is performed for
   * @param aRelationAttrs - an array of attributes, element is attribute name of searched element, ignored if aAriaProperty passed in
   * @param aAttrNum - how many attributes in aRelationAttrs
   * @param aTagName - tag name of searched element, or nsnull for any -- ignored if aAriaProperty passed in
   * @param aAncestorLevelsToSearch - points how is the neighborhood of the
   *                                  given element big.
   */
  static nsIContent *FindNeighbourPointingToNode(nsIContent *aForNode,
                                                 nsIAtom **aRelationAttrs, 
                                                 PRUint32 aAttrNum,
                                                 nsIAtom *aTagName = nsnull,
                                                 PRUint32 aAncestorLevelsToSearch = 5);

  /**
   * Overloaded version of FindNeighbourPointingToNode to accept only one
   * relation attribute.
   */
  static nsIContent *FindNeighbourPointingToNode(nsIContent *aForNode,
                                                 nsIAtom *aRelationAttr, 
                                                 nsIAtom *aTagName = nsnull,
                                                 PRUint32 aAncestorLevelsToSearch = 5);

  /**
   * Search for element that satisfies the requirements in subtree of the given
   * element. The requirements are tag name, attribute name and value of
   * attribute.
   * The first matched content will be returned.
   *
   * @param aId - value of searched attribute
   * @param aLookContent - element that search is performed inside
   * @param aRelationAttrs - an array of searched attributes
   * @param aAttrNum - how many attributes in aRelationAttrs
   * @param                 if both aAriaProperty and aRelationAttrs are null, then any element with aTagType will do
   * @param aExcludeContent - element that is skiped for search
   * @param aTagType - tag name of searched element, by default it is 'label' --
   *                   ignored if aAriaProperty passed in
   */
  static nsIContent *FindDescendantPointingToID(const nsString *aId,
                                                nsIContent *aLookContent,
                                                nsIAtom **aRelationAttrs,
                                                PRUint32 aAttrNum = 1,
                                                nsIContent *aExcludeContent = nsnull,
                                                nsIAtom *aTagType = nsAccessibilityAtoms::label);

  /**
   * Overloaded version of FindDescendantPointingToID to accept only one
   * relation attribute.
   */
  static nsIContent *FindDescendantPointingToID(const nsString *aId,
                                                nsIContent *aLookContent,
                                                nsIAtom *aRelationAttr,
                                                nsIContent *aExcludeContent = nsnull,
                                                nsIAtom *aTagType = nsAccessibilityAtoms::label);

  // Helper for FindDescendantPointingToID(), same args
  static nsIContent *FindDescendantPointingToIDImpl(nsCString& aIdWithSpaces,
                                                    nsIContent *aLookContent,
                                                    nsIAtom **aRelationAttrs,
                                                    PRUint32 aAttrNum = 1,
                                                    nsIContent *aExcludeContent = nsnull,
                                                    nsIAtom *aTagType = nsAccessibilityAtoms::label);
  
  // Return PR_TRUE if the ARIA property should always be exposed as an object attribute
  static PRBool IsARIAPropForObjectAttr(nsIAtom *aAtom);


  /**
   * Get container-foo live region attributes for the given node
   * @param aAttributes     Where to store the attributes
   * @param aStartContent   Node to start from
   * @param aTopContent     Node to end at
   */
  static void GetLiveContainerAttributes(nsIPersistentProperties *aAttributes,
                                         nsIContent *aStartContent, nsIContent *aTopContent);
};

#endif


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